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Irinjalakuda is situated in Thrissur District of Kerala State. The
Irinjalakuda municipality was formed in the year 1936 during which
Irinjalakuda was at pinnacle of social as well as cultural movements in
Irinjalakuda is said to have been created by the great sage
Parasurama and was one of the 64 villages that were set up by him. It
was most prominent among them and was also head for 10 of the villages.
It followed the caste system based on ‘Manusmruthi’ with some variations
based on Kerala model.
From the ancient archives, the original name of the place was
revealed as ‘Irinjalikoodal’ which literally means “merge together”. In
ancient times, there were two streams started from Kurumalipuzha and
Koodapuzha (belongs to Chalakudypuzha) which moved through Konthipuram
in the north and Velukara in the south. The two streams converged in the
west and were called ‘Irangikoodal’ which again means “merge together”
and thus the current name of Irinjalakuda is derived. However, today,
Irinjalakuda does not have any river.
Yet another legend goes that Irinjalakuda was derived by merging
“Irunnu Salayil Koodai” with “Virinja Alu Kuda”. In the town, one will
find a huge Banyan tree standing at the centre of Irinjalakuda with
branches that are spread like an umbrella.
Geography of Irinjalakuda
Irinjalakuda is located at 10.33ON 76.23o E with total area of 11.24 Sq Km. It has an elevation of 39 metres (128 feet).
Irinjalakuda also has tropical climate similar to that of other
towns and cities of Kerala. The town gets significant rainfall and short
dry season has little impact.
Administration of Irinjalakuda
Irinjalakuda is administered by the municipality of Irinjalakuda
which was formed in the year 1936 with the total area of 11.24 sq Kms.
The first municipal chairman was K I Varunny and it was divided into 22
electoral wards then. Today, Irinjalakuda has 41 electoral wards. It is
also the headquarters of Mukundapuram Taluk. It is a Grade II
municipality. The town also has court complex that consists of Judicial
First Class Magistrate Court, Motor Accidents Claims Tribunal, Munsif
Courts and Additional Sub Court and family court. Irinjalakuda has an
assembly constituency as well as Lok Sabha Constituency which comes
under Thrissur. Irinjalakuda also has special sub jail.
Business and Economy of Irinjalakuda
During 18th century, Sakthan Thampuran who was the then ruler of
Cochin Kingdom brought four Christian families to Chanthappura in
Irinjalakuda to improve the trade and commerce of the city. This
resulted in the economic development of the town and the Diwan of Kochi
Shanmughan Chetty built a canal called as ‘Shanmugam Canal’ which helped
in the transportation of goods through water. This also resulted in the
development of the business.
Though the canal exists even today,
but it has lost its glory. Irinjalakuda is famous for the Chandrika
Soap which was made by C R Kesavan Vaidyar and the same has been bought
by Wipro Company in Bangalore. Kerala Solvent Extractions Ltd is yet
another company which manufactures cattle feed, dairy products and
edible oil and is also listed in the Bombay Stock Exchange. KLF Coconad
manufactured by KLF Nirmal Industries P Ltd is one of the biggest
coconut cooking oil brands in Kerala and Padmashree Mohanlal has
endorsed the same.
Tourism in Irinjalakuda
Irinjalakuda has many famous temples, churches, waterfalls, dams,
etc. The famous tourist spots are Arattupuzha temple, Koodalmanikyam
temple, Vishwanathapuram temple, Mary Maculin Church, Avittathur Church,
St Sebastian Church, etc. Most of the tourists who visit Kerala also
visit Irinjalakuda throughout the year.
is situated on State Highway 22 which links with NH 47 as well as NH 66
in Kerala State. State Highway 22 and State Highway 61 criss-crosses
the Irinjalakuda town. Private bus station as well as KSRTC operates bus
service for local as well as inter-district. Irinjalakuda has a railway
station situated 6 Km East of Kallettumkara, Aloor Villages and comes
under Southern Railways. Most of the express trains stop here. Thrissur
junction is the major railway head situated 21 Kms away from
Irinjalakuda. The nearest airport is the Cochin International Airport
situated at Nedumbassery and some 36 Km away from Irinjalakuda. The
airport is connected to all other major airports in India as well as to
many foreign airports.
Quick Facts about Irinjalakuda
Total Area - 11.24 Sq Km (4.34 sq mile) Elevation - 39 m (128 ft) Population (2011 census) - 51,585 Time Zone - IST Postal Index Number - 680 121 STD Code - 0480 Official Languages - Malayalam, English